Ravenna has a long history, uncertain origins, a mix of different settlers from Etruscans, Umbrians, Tessalians, and Senones. In ancient times used to be surrounded by water and reachable only via sea that made it an interesting place to settle for the Romans and in particular Ceasar Augustus the emperor who choose it as a military and (later) as a commercial port.
Ravenna has been capital of three different kingdoms: the late Western Roman empire, then of the Ostrogoths and of the Exarchate of Ravenna.
During her glorious past, in the city were built many civil and religious buildings, most of them, unfortunately destroyed or some refurbished and converted far from the original structure.
Of all monuments left, eight are considered World heritage sites by UNESCO:
- Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
- Baptistery Neoniano
- Chapel of the Archibishop
- Basilic of Saint Apollinare Nuovo
- Mausoleum of Teodorico
- Baptistery of Ariani
- Basilic of Sanit Vitale
- Basilic of Saint Apollinare in Classe
Moreover the following churches, baptisteries are of international importance all containing mosaics:
- Ravenna cathedral
- Basilic of Saint Francis
- Church of Saint John the Evangelist
- Church of the Holy Spirit
- Basilic of Virgin Mary in Port
- Domus of the stone carpets
The list would even be longer as there are over 41 churches of interest, the following are the most interesting museums:
- Museum of the archibishop of Ravenna
- National Museum of Ravenna
- Arts Museum of the city of Ravenna
- Pinacoteca civica comunale of Ravenna
You can reach Ravenna from the sea through the port, via land through the motorway and by train.
The sea is at approximately 10 Km from the city centre and all beaches are called lidos and are divided into Northern lidos and Southern lidos according to their position compared to the Canal Candiano (connecting with the port):
Northern lidos: Casal Borsetti, Marina Romea and Porto Corsini
Southern lidos: Marina di Ravenna, Punta Marina Terme, Lido Adriano, Lido di Dante, Lido di Classe and Lido di Savio.
After the Southern Lidos you will find Cervia and Milano Marittima, a famous lido for the night life and where all VIPS stay in summer.